Academic Student-led Journal

The student strategy & security journal

Our Latest Publications

The Student Strategy and Security Journal (3SJ) is a student-led, academic journal and platform for works on strategy, security, and related topics established in March 2020, Glasgow, UK.

August 2023

Third Volume        First Issue

The Multiverse we now inhabit and the Rules-Based Liberal International Order that continues to structure it have become increasingly complex, unfathomable, contested, fragile and, for some, dangerously devoid of meaning. This is the guiding thread connecting the eight articles published in the present issue of 3SJ and the three thematic sections they are grouped in. The first three articles discuss the use, misuse and attempts to regulate and tame the myriad cybernetworks that constitute the nervous system of the emerging Metaverse – each at a different level of analysis: international, national, and individual. The following three contributions zero in on cooperative governance in the real world within the context of human security and the threats individuals face from global phenomena such as health pandemics, persisting poverty levels, and environmental degradation, but do so by adopting distinct theoretical lenses: critical feminism, Marxism, and liberal institutionalism.  The last two contributions examine shifting Asian dynamics of conflict and cooperation: first, the evolving relationship between Israel and Lebanon, as they recently ratified a landmark agreement settling their shared maritime border; and second, the critical choices facing the Chinese Navy in adopting  a Grand strategy that will best enable China to achieve military and political dominance in the vast Indo-Pacific expanse whilst minimizing the risks of a global military confrontation with their great rival, the United States.

March 2023

Second Volume  Third Issue

This issue’s twelve articles are grouped into four thematic sections. The first two papers focus on Türkiye’s and the Gulf Cooperation Countries’ efforts to reshape the modern Middle East by overcoming colonial legacies. The following three articles address various methods deployed by nationalising states such as the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and Ukraine to manage their national minorities. The next three contributions unpack the Russo-Ukrainian conflict by examining the continuities in the intelligence services of the USSR and the Russian Federation; analysing the balance of apparent and effective military power between Russia and Ukraine; and dissecting Russian elites’ interventions in Ukrainian foreign and domestic politics, all grounded in an innovative theory of ontological security. The final four articles focus on US military strategies in the planning and pursuit of war across three centuries – from a counter-factual narrative of Confederate strategy during the Civil War, to US and Soviet targeting of their respective population centres with their conventional and nuclear arsenals during the Cold War, and finally to complementary realist and idealist perspectives on the causes and outcome of the 2003 US military intervention in Iraq.

July 2022

Second Edition Volume Two

This issue explores non state actors, intra-state conflict and the EU, paying particular attention to the changing paradigms of IR. The issue begins by challenging existing theories of international relations by broadening them to maritime security and public opinion. With a specific focus on non-state actors, our contributors then investigate intra-state conflict, from Colombia to Syria. Moving from conflict to challenge, our contributors review the EU’s internal and external challenges in a European security climate that is getting all the more precarious. In our concluding section, 3SJ returns to its core issues of strategy and security by examining the role of women in the extreme right and applying novel methodologies to the Russia-Ukrainian conflict.

February 2022

First Edition Volume Two

This issue explores international relations theory, strategy and terrorism, paying special attention to the ever-changing dynamics of past and current conflicts. Beginning with the theoretical architecture of IR, the issue moves on to detangle narratives of socio-political conflicts and analyse the fate of deliberative consociationalism in Northern Ireland. With a specific focus on the nature of conflicts, our contributors investigate frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet region, with a particular emphasis on South Caucasus and Moldova. In our concluding section, 3SJ returns to its core issues of strategy and security by reviewing US defense policy and ‘old’ and ‘new’ terrorism.

February 2022

Could the Kazakh Events Happen in the West? Lessons I learned in Almaty

This narrative reflects the author’s recent experience of witnessing the bloody January 2022 upheaval in Kazakhstan. Drawing on personal observations, interviews with locals in Almaty and state media sources, it problematizes ongoing speculations over the dynamics of the unrest and power struggles within the government. Furthermore, it highlights it being another case of cutting off a whole country, including the megapolis Almaty, from the internet in the wake of a counterinsurgency operation. Given strong social grievances and centrifugal processes, the Kazakh example could be followed by Western democracies.

April 2021

Third Edition

This third edition explores security, technology, philosophy and history with special focus on critical approaches, unconventional analyses and marginalised voices. From the court rooms of Hungary to the computer of drone operators, this edition unpacks issues of acute relevance to strategy and security. It engages with the role of technology in intelligence practices, dissects principles of nationality and strategy, explores humanised and gendered approaches to security, applies analyses of ethics and philosophy and interrogates traditional ontological theories of IR.

June 2021

Covid- 19 Report

In collaboration with the University of Glasgow’s Strategy & Security Society, a group of Masters students have delivered inputs on Covid-19 scenarios from different European perspectives. Exactly a year after the first report was published in July 2020, this report follows the political, economic and social developments of the pandemic and features country profiles, forecasts and expert contributions.

April 2021

Interview: Dr Breslin

In an exclusive interview with the Student Strategy & Security Journal, Professor Shaun Breslin from the University of Warwick discusses Chinese foreign policy, security, Wolf Warrior diplomacy, and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

Full interview coming soon.

September 2021

Second Edition

This Second Edition explores security, strategy, and international relations, with special attention to under-emphasised voices, unusual perspectives, and contested lenses.
With topics ranging from rebel governance to the Napoleonic regime, 3SJ unpacks issues related to the North Caucasus, Aleppo, as well as refugee camps in Turkey. The journal engages with the US-China conundrum as well as asking greater interrogatives about the role of culture and technology in Strategy-making, adopting the perspective of the state, and acknowledging the role of non-state actors; looking at the objectivity of Six-Day War discourses, and discussing the online dimension of social movements and opinion manipulation.

September 2021

First Edition

This Edition features wide-ranging themes: from IR Theory to Leadership, Foreign Policy, and Grand Strategy. You can learn about Trump’s National Security Strategy, Eurocentrism in International Relations, or the potential of academia in informing the UN’s counterterrorism strategy. If you’re still not convinced, check out our Special Section for a piece of Samurai warfare in League of Legends!

Snapshot of us

Who we are

The Student Strategy & Security Journal (3SJ) is a student-led, peer-reviewed, academic journal centred around international relations and security. Its motto is “Mentoring emerging academics to shine”. Committed to academic excellence, 3SJ strives to provide a platform for the newest and most innovative voices in international relations, security studies and political science. As demonstrated in the breadth of articles, interviews and reports, 3SJ welcomes pluralism in both content and methods. The product of academic rigour and collaboration and guided by an outstanding international Council of Academic Advisors, this journal aims to spark intellectual curiosity, challenge traditional narratives and engage students and scholars in intersectional dialogues that reach across borders and disciplines. 3SJ is affiliated with the University of Glasgow and is a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation (SCIO) registered with the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) under Charity Number SC052519.

Student Leadership

We are run entirely by a student body.

Academic excellence

Our rigorous editing and reviewal process aims to promote academic excellence.


The views and conclusions expressed by contributors and interviewees do not necessarily reflect those of the Student Strategy and Security Journal or its Board Members

Non-discrimination policy

We are happy to accept submissions from anyone and we encourage and promote a wide array of topics and voices.

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As of April 2021, The Student Strategy and Security Journal (3SJ) is affiliated with the University of Glasgow. 

More details on how the Journal’s editorial decisions are made and how 3SJ upholds the University of Glasgow’s commitments to Equality, Diversity and Free Speech can be found here.